Chandrayaan 3’s Vikram Lander: Soft Landing

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Chandrayaan 3’s Soft Landing


International space fans are holding their breath as India’s ambitious Chandrayaan 3 project gears up for a historic occasion.

Chandrayaan 3 Live Updates: Vikram Lander to attempt touch down on lunar surface on August 23On the evening of August 23, the Vikram Lander is planned to make an attempt to touch down on the lunar surface, signalling a time of tremendous national pride and scientific development.

A Synopsis of Chandrayaan 3

The goal of the mission

Following in the footsteps of its predecessors, Chandrayaan 3, India’s third lunar exploration mission, aims to further our understanding of the Moon. With cutting-edge equipment on board, the project seeks to investigate regions that have not yet been visited by prior missions and to dive further into lunar mysteries like the presence of water.


Chandrayaan Missions of the Past

This mission continues the tradition of Chandrayaan 1 and 2, which exemplify India’s enduring spirit of exploration. Chandrayaan 2 made a huge jump, just missing a gentle landing, while Chandrayaan 1 proved the existence of water/hydroxyl on the Moon.

The Importance of Vikram Lander’s Initiative

Technical Details and New Developments

With the most recent technology, Vikram Lander embodies years of investigation and invention. The sophisticated propulsion and navigation technologies that Indian scientists have developed over the years are on display in this mission’s attempt at a gentle landing on the Moon’s surface.Chandrayaan-3 just few km away from Moon's surface; see the latest images - The Statesman

Read here to know more about why the lunar south pole fascinates scientists. 

Global Consequences and Indian Pride

In addition to adding India to a small club of countries with these capabilities, a successful landing will strengthen international cooperation in space research. It serves as evidence of India’s independence and space technological competence.

Live Updates: Days till August 23

Getting ready for the landing
The ISRO team is closely watching the Lander’s systems as the launch date approaches to ensure maximum performance. To guarantee the ideal fall angle and speed, precise trajectory modifications are being done.

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What location will the Vikram Lander land?

On the south polar area of the moon, the Chandrayaan 3 is anticipated to touch down. Luna 25 from Russia is also anticipated to touch down there. So far, no other nation has successfully executed a soft landing on the moon’s south polar area. Learn more about the lunar south pole’s fascination with scientists by reading this article.Chandrayaan-3 update: Isro raises orbit of spacecraft for 5th time, sets stage for lunar journey - India Today
Images of the Progress MS-24 cargo ship and the Soyuz-2.1a rocket are shared by Roscosmos.
Launch “Soyuz” with “Progress” right away! Together with the Progress MS-24 cargo ship, we present a shot taken during the detachment of the Soyuz-2.1a rocket.
Roscosmos experts continued to get it ready for launch after installing it in a vertical position at the 31st location. Launch of the Progress MS-24 vehicle is scheduled for August 23 at 4:08 a.m. Moscow time, according to the Russian space agency Roscosmos.

Deboosting: What is it?

Technically speaking, deboosting is the act of slowing down the spacecraft’s velocity to place it in an orbit where the Perilune, which is the spacecraft’s closest point to the Moon, is set at 30 km, and the Apolinune, which is its farthest point, is kept at 100 km.
Today, the Chandrayaan 3 finished its second and last deboosting. To learn more, click here.

Third Indian moon mission schedule

On July 6, the ISRO announced that the lunar mission will take out from Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh, on July 14.
All vehicle electrical testing have been successfully completed as of July 7.
On July 11, a successful 24-hour “launch rehearsal” was carried out.
Chandrayaan-3 is launched by ISRO’s LVM3 M4 on July 14 into the desired orbit.
The first orbit-raising manoeuvre for the moon mission is successful in Bengaluru on July 15. The ship enters an orbit of 41762 km by 173 km.
On July 17, CHandrayaan-3 is placed in a 41603 km x 226 km orbit by the second orbit-raising manoeuvre.
On July 22, CHandrayaan-3 was successfully placed in an orbit measuring 71351 km by 233 km using the fourth orbit-raising manoeuvre and Earth-bound perigee firing.
On July 25, another orbit-raising manoeuvre is accomplished.
August 1: Chandrayaan-3 enters a 288 km x 369328 km translunar orbit.
It moves into the 164 km by 18074 km lunar orbit on August 5.
August 6: The lunar surface orbit is decreased to 170 km x 4,313 km.
On August 9, the spacecraft is lowered to a size of 174 km by 1437 km.
On August 14th, the lunar mission reaches the 151 km x 179 km circularization phase of its orbit.
On August 16, Chandrayaan-3 launches and enters an orbit of 153.163 km.
August 17: The Vikram Lander and Prgyan Rover’s landing module is decoupled from its propulsion system.
August 18: The spacecraft completes ‘deebosting’ operations that reduce its orbit to 113km x 157km.
The orbit of the lander module is lowered to 25 km by 134 km on August 20 as part of Chandrayaan03’s last and second deebosting.
On August 23, between 5.30 and 6.30 p.m., if all goes as planned, the Vikram Lander should make contact with the lunar surface.


What is Chandrayaan 3’s primary goal?
  • The main goal is to further lunar exploration, with a particular emphasis on learning more about the geography, mineralogy, and existence of water and ice on the Moon.
What distinguishes Chandrayaan 3 from its predecessors?
  • While maintaining the fundamental objectives of Chandrayaan 1 and 2, Chandrayaan 3 makes use of cutting-edge technology, particularly in the Vikram Lander, to guarantee a successful gentle landing.
Exactly who is in charge of the Chandrayaan 3 mission?
  • Chandrayaan 3 is an initiative of the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO).
Why does the gentle landing matter?
  • It is essential for carrying out numerous tests that the lander can safely deploy its equipment on the lunar surface during a gentle touchdown.
What follows Chandrayaan 3?
  • Chandrayaan 3 will be followed by immediate plans that will concentrate on data analysis, but Chandrayaan 4 is anticipated to further lunar exploration.

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